Bramley-Moore Dock

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Bramley-Moore Dock
Bramley Moore Dock gates 1.jpg
Dock gates on the Dock Road
Location
LocationVauxhall, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Coordinates53°25′30″N 3°00′11″W / 53.4250°N 3.0030°W / 53.4250; -3.0030Coordinates: 53°25′30″N 3°00′11″W / 53.4250°N 3.0030°W / 53.4250; -3.0030
OS gridSJ334924
Details
OwnerEverton FC[1]
OperatorMersey Docks and Harbour Company
Opened4 August 1848[2]
TypeWet dock
Joins
Area9 acres (3.6 ha), 3,106 sq yd (2,597 m2)[3]
Width at entrance60 ft (18 m)[3]
Quay length935 yd (855 m)[4]
Bramley-Moore Dock
Bramley-Moore Dock is located in Merseyside
Bramley-Moore Dock
Bramley-Moore Dock
Location within Merseyside
OwnerEverton FC

Bramley-Moore Dock is a semi-derelict dock on the River Mersey in Liverpool, England, and part of the Port of Liverpool. The dock is located in the northern dock system in Liverpool's Vauxhall area, and is connected to Sandon Half Tide Dock to the north and Nelson Dock to the south. Jesse Hartley was the architect, and the dock opened in 1848.

Currently the dock is inaccessible to the public and sits behind locked gates.

Everton FC's new home ground, Bramley-Moore Dock Stadium, is proposed to be built on the dock. The Club received planning approval for a 52,888 capacity stadium which is set to be opened in time for the start of the 2024/25 football season.[5] The project was cited as a reason for the revocation of Liverpool's World Heritage Site status as the Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City, with the World Heritage Committee stating that the project had resulted in a "serious deterioration" of the historic site.[6]

History[edit]

The dock was opened on 4 August 1848,[2] as part of Jesse Hartley's major northern expansion scheme of that year, and was named after and opened by John Bramley-Moore, chairman of the dock committee at the time.[1][2] When built, Bramley-Moore Dock was the most northerly part of the dock system.[2] At the time, access to the River Mersey was from the south, through the new Nelson and Salisbury Docks, which were all commissioned simultaneously. When built, Bramley-Moore Dock was used for the largest steamships of the era.[7]

In 1851, further docks were opened to the north. These included Wellington Half Tide Dock, which gave a second access point for Bramley-Moore into the Mersey. The berthing of the larger ships was moved to the new Sandon Dock and Huskisson Dock within a few years of opening because of the ease of access to the river these docks offered. Around 1900, the Wellington Dock and the adjoining Sandon Dock were realigned, with the half tide dock separated as Sandon Half Tide Dock, as it remains today.

Although a mixed use dock, with one of the original transit sheds still in place, Bramley-Moore did extensive coal trade.[8] The coal handling included both coal for export and bunker coal for steamships in the port, transported from the South Lancashire Coalfield. A high-level railway opened in 1857 to transport coal directly to the north quay.[8] The high-level railway was connected by viaduct to the adjacent Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway line.[9] The high-level railway was operational from 1856 to 1966.[7]

After the decline in coal-fired steamships, the dock continued to export coal. Following the demise of coal mining in South Lancashire, and most of the UK, the export market for coal dissolved with the dock ceasing coal exports in 1988.[8]

Disused hydraulic accumulator tower

Bramley-Moore Dock is the location of one of Liverpool's brick-built hydraulic accumulator towers.[10] The Grade II listed tower is in severe disrepair with Everton's plans for a new stadium including the commitment to invest in heritage and repair and restore the tower for public use. The tower provided hydraulic power to dock gates and lifting equipment but is no longer active.

Bramley-Moore Dock within the Central dock cluster, 1909

Future of the dock[edit]

In 2007, the Peel Group, owners of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Company, unveiled the £5.5 billion Liverpool Waters regeneration programme. Bramley-Moore Dock is encompassed in the 150-acre (0.61 km2) site.[11]

Bramley-Moore Dock is the most northern of the docks within the former Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City World Heritage Site and the planned Liverpool Waters and the most southerly of the working docks.[12] The hydraulic tower and dock retaining walls are Grade II listed buildings.[1][13] Bramley-Moore Dock may have been listed as World Hertiage Site but sits behind locked gates, semi-derelict with no access to the public, its hertiage assets are decaying and is next door to a waste water treatment plant.[14]

On 23 March 2017 it was announced that an agreement was reached between Liverpool City Council, Everton F.C. and Peel Holdings to acquire the dock for a new football stadium.[15] A planning application was submitted on 23 December 2019, [16] with approval granted by the city council on 23 February 2021.[17]

On 23 February 2021 Everton Football Club were given planning permission to develop a 52,888 capacity stadium at Bramley-Moore Dock. The planning committee voted unanimously in favour of the plans and spoke passionately about how the public benefits would far outweigh any heritage impact on the site.[18]

Everton’s plans would deliver a £1.3bn boost to the economy,[19] create more than 15,000 jobs,[20] attract more than 1.4m visitors and act as a catalyst for £650m of accelerated regeneration.[19]

At the planning meeting Everton also committed to investing up to £55m[20] to repair, preserve, restore and open up Bramley-Moore Dock’s heritage assets.

In July 2021, the developments on the dock were stated as reasons for the revocation of Liverpool's World Heritage site status.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c McHale, Kirsty (30 August 2016). "New Everton stadium: The story of Bramley-Moore Dock". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "Bramley-Moore Dock". Liverpool History Online. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009.
  3. ^ a b Baines 1859, Part II, p. 85
  4. ^ Baines 1859, Part II, p. 116
  5. ^ The People's Project
  6. ^ a b "Liverpool stripped of Unesco World Heritage status". BBC News. 21 July 2021. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  7. ^ a b McCarron & Jarvis 1992, pp. 12–14
  8. ^ a b c "Trading Places - a history of Liverpool Docks". Liverpool Museums. Archived from the original on 28 October 2008.
  9. ^ Ritchie-Noakes 1980, p. 50
  10. ^ "Hydraulic Engine House at Bramley Moore Dock, Liverpool". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  11. ^ "Peel unveil £5.5 billion investment plans". Peel Group. 6 March 2007. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
  12. ^ Bond, Stephen (28 February 2011). "Assessment of the potential impact of the proposed Liverpool Waters master plan on OUV, at Liverpool Maritime Mercantile WHS, for English Heritage" (PDF). The Architects' Journal. p. 27. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Bramley Moore Dock Retaining Walls, Liverpool". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  14. ^ "Can stadiums still serve the public good in this new footballing age?". The Independent. 26 July 2019. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  15. ^ "Everton agree deal for new stadium site". BBC News Online. 23 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Everton submit plan for Bramley-Moore Dock stadium". BBC News Online. 23 December 2019.
  17. ^ "Everton's Bramley-Moore Dock stadium given council approval". BBC News. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  18. ^ "Everton get new stadium go-ahead from Liverpool council". The Guardian. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  19. ^ a b Media, Insider. "Everton FC stadium 'once-in-a-lifetime opportunity'". Insider Media Ltd. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  20. ^ a b "Everton's Bramley-Moore Dock stadium given council approval". BBC News. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 26 February 2021.

Sources[edit]

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