Simon Marks, 1st Baron Marks of Broughton

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The Lord Marks of Broughton
Marks and BG.jpg
Sir Simon Marks with David Ben-Gurion in Tel Aviv, 1949
Born(1888-07-09)9 July 1888
Died8 December 1964(1964-12-08) (aged 76)
London, England
NationalityBritish
RelativesMichael Marks
(father)
Michael Marks
(son)

Simon Marks, 1st Baron Marks of Broughton (9 July 1888 – 8 December 1964), was an English retail businessman and baron, the son of Michael Marks, the co-founder of major British multinational company Marks & Spencer.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Marks was born in the Leylands, Leeds, on 9 July 1888, son of Michael Marks and Hannah Cohen.[1] and educated at Manchester Grammar School.

Career[edit]

In 1907, he inherited a number of "penny bazaars" from his father, which had been established with Thomas Spencer. With the help of Israel Sieff, he built Marks & Spencer into an icon of British business.

He was knighted on 4 July 1944[2] and on 10 July 1961 was raised to the peerage as Baron Marks of Broughton, of Sunningdale in the Royal County of Berkshire.[3][1]

Death and legacy[edit]

The grave of Simon Marks, Golders Green Crematorium (within the columbarium)

Marks died 8 December 1964, in London,[1] and was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. His ashes and memorial are housed within the internal columbarium (visible by arrangement). The ashes of his wife Miriam Marks (née Sieff, sister of Israel Sieff), and those of his business partner Israel Sieff, rest with his.

He was succeeded in the barony by his only son Michael.[1]

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Simon Marks, 1st Baron Marks of Broughton
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Marks of Broughton Escutcheon.png
Notes
Coat of arms of Baron Marks of Broughton family
Coronet
A coronet of a Baron
Crest
A Dove wings addorsed Argent beaked and membered Gules gorged with an Antique Crown and to the beak a Gimmel Ring
Escutcheon
Pily Argent and Azure a Pair of Scales Or
Supporters
On either side a Lion Or supporting a Cornucopia Argent the Fruit proper that on the dexter holding aloft with the interior forepaw a Red Rose slipped and leaved also proper and that on the sinister holding aloft with the interior forepaw two Triangles interlaced Or
Motto
Strive Probe Apply

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ "No. 36620". The London Gazette. 21 July 1944. p. 3416.
  3. ^ "No. 42409". The London Gazette. 11 July 1961. p. 5101.
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
(new creation)
Baron Marks of Broughton
1961–1964
Succeeded by
Michael Marks